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For the international version of Indian numerals, see Arabic numerals and Hindu–Arabic numerals.
In academic circles they are called the Hindu–Arabic or Indo–Arabic numerals.
The significance of the development of the positional number system is probably best described by the French mathematician Pierre Simon Laplace (1749–1827) who wrote: It is India that gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by the means of ten symbols, each symbol receiving a value of position, as well as an absolute value; a profound and important idea which appears so simple to us now that we ignore its true merit, but its very simplicity, the great ease which it has lent to all computations, puts our arithmetic in the first rank of useful inventions, and we shall appreciate the grandeur of this achievement when we remember that it escaped the genius of Archimedes and Apollonius, two of the greatest minds produced by antiquity.
of their subtle discoveries in astronomy — discoveries that are more ingenious than those of the Greeks and the Babylonians - and of their valuable methods of calculation which surpass description.
I wish only to say that this computation is done by means of nine signs.
The Indian place-system numerals spread to neighboring Persia, where they were picked up by the conquering Arabs.