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No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand jury, except, in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining Witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
It is not, however, like the two more modern documents now considered. They protect, inter alia, the freedom of expression, freedom of the press, freedom of religion, the right to assembly and procedural rules in criminal matters.
Although they would appear to relate only to federal matters, the Fourteenth Amendment, enacted to protect Blacks after the Civil War, provides two clauses that have enabled the US Bill of Rights to extend to the states.
Parliament's right to levy money and free speech in Parliament were expressly provided for.
Excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishments were forbidden.
The first 10 amendments to the Federal Constitution demanded by several states in return for ratifying the constitution, since the failure to protect these rights was a glaring omission in the Constitution as adopted in convention in 1787.