World accommodating religious movements
Working from the premise that NRMs constitute responses to pervasive moral ambiguity, several typologies categorize movements in terms of the kinds of meaning they offer or individuals seek.Anthony and Robbins (1982) have distinguished between monistic and dualistic NRMs and also have developed a number of additional subtypes.
Since a high proportion of these NRMs have survived, the overall number has continued to rise.
Through the 1950s, the religious triumvirate Protestantism, Catholicism, Judaismdominated the American religious landscape.
The term new religious movements (NRMs, sometimes referred to as alternative religious movements, marginal religious movements, or cults) identifies an important but difficult-to-demarcate set of religious entities.
Although some NRMs indeed are of recent origin, many others constitute contemporary rediscoveries or recombinations of cultural themes explored by predecessor groups.
In contrast to movements in earlier eras, contemporary NRMs are much more likely to make conscious decisions about whether to define and present themselves as religious and whether to seek administrative/legal legitimation as religious bodies.